The Grand Synagogue and the Nazis

This is the Grand Synagogue in Nice. It was built in 1885 and dedicated in 1886. When the Nazis first came to occupy Nice it was September 8, 1943. A quick look at the calendar shows that Yom Kippur in 1943 began on September 9. Knowing that the Jews of Nice would be at the synagogue on their most holy Day of Atonement, they decided to begin their round-up of Jews on that day, September 9th at the Grand Synagogue. The bullet holes can still be seen in the basement of the synagogue where the murders began.